Flight 302 Ethiopian Airline crash

On Sunday, March 10, a tragedy occurred in Ethiopia that impacted 35 countries. A Sunday morning flight became a tragedy, within minutes, when a Boeing 737 Max 8, carrying 157 people en route to Nairobi, Kenya, crashed 6 minutes after takeoff from Bole International Airport, in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, killing all 157 passengers and crew members onboard.

The plane took off at 8:38AM local time, and air traffic control lost contact with the flight at 8:44AM. The plane crashed in Bishoftu, a town 40 miles southeast from Ethiopia’s capital city. According to CNN, The victims came from 35 different nationalities from all over the world. Thirty-two Kenyans, seventeen Ethiopians, eighteen Canadians, eight Americans and seven French are just 5 of of the 35 different nationalities affected. The pilot of flight 302 informed controllers that the plane was having control problems before it crashed. The pilot also requested permission to return back to Bole Airport right after takeoff according to the Wall Street Journal.

This has been the second crash involving the 737 Max 8 plane in a span of 5 months. In October 2018, Lion Air Flight 610 crashed in Indonesia, 12 minutes after takeoff, killing all 189 on board.

Countries around the world including the US, Canada, China, Australia, India and 45 more countries have grounded the Boeing 737 Max. As of right now, the cause of the crash is still unclear. Ethiopian airlines CEO Tewolde Gebremariam told reporters at Bole International Airport, in Addis Ababa, “We cannot also attribute the cause to anything because we will have to comply with the international regulation to wait for the investigation.”

The Monday following the fatal crash became a national day of mourning in Ethiopia. According to Al Jerreza, remains are still being identified and will take up to 6 months for all of them to be correctly identified. For 35 countries that lost a citizen, and more countries, this crash was heartbreaking to hear about.

Youth Climate Strike

By: Vivian S

The Youth Climate Strike, which happened on Friday, March 15th, was when, in over 40 countries, including the US, students walked out of school to raise awareness and fight against climate change.

The movement was inspired by Greta Thunberg, who protested outside the Swedish parliament and delivered a speech to the United Nations Climate Summit, and the short amount of time science says we have to fix our climate.

We have very few years left to transform our energy system and reduce greenhouse gasses until the damage is permanent. The website for the Youth Climate Strike US, https://www.youthclimatestrikeus.org/platform, says they are striking because world leaders have yet to acknowledge or prioritize this issue. They hope that by disrupting the normal flow of things, by not attending school, they can force governments to deal with climate change.

The strike was to demand that: The Green New Deal be put into effect, that there are no more new fossil fuel infrastructures, that the government make decisions based on the newest scientific evidence, that a national emergency be declared about climate change, that there is a comprehensive education on climate change for K-8, that wildlife is preserved, and that water remains clean.

The solutions they propose are: reforestation, the reduction of food waste, to make goals and benchmarks for the reduction of greenhouse gasses, to change the agriculture industry, to use more renewable energy, to stop fracking, and to stop mountaintop removal and mining.

We can only wait and see if this protest had any effect on the policies governments sign into laws, or if there will be any more strikes. But know this, I think these students will be heard, I don’t think this is the last we’ll hear of them.

International Women’s Day

International Women’s Day is a day we take every year to celebrate all the women in the world and their achievements. It’s also a day where people raise awareness of the bias women face, and fight for equality for all. Every year International Women’s Day takes place on March 8.

According to International Women’s Day, the first International Women’s Day took place on March 19, 1911. It was first celebrated by Switzerland, Austria, Germany, and Denmark. This happened after an agreement made the previous year in Copenhagen after Clara Zetkin proposed the idea of an International Women’s Day.

On the last Sunday in February, 1913, women in Russia celebrated International Women’s Day to support peace before World War I started. In 1913 it was also decided to move International Women’s Day to March 8.

On March 8, 1914, in London, and other places across Europe, there were rallies to stop the war and unite all women. In London there was a rally from Bow to Trafalgar Square were people supported the women’s suffrage movement.

In 1917, the Czar of Russia granted women the right to vote. This happened after they put together a strike for “bread and peace” after over 2 million Russians were killed in World War I. The women kept striking for 4 more days. Many people opposed them, such as political leaders. The Czar forced the provisional Government to give women the right to vote.

The UN first started celebrating International Women’s Day in 1975. Then two years later, in December of 1977, the General Assembly officially created a resolution for a United Nations Day for Women’s Rights and International Peace. This resolution states that member states (countries that are part of the UN) can celebrate International Women’s Day on any day that works for them based on their cultures.

Today, International Women’s Day is celebrated all over the world in many different ways. The International Women’s Day website recommends many ways to celebrate the day by making a difference. They tell people to identify their goals, identify their audience, and then decide what you can do; just a few of the ways they suggest are their downloadable selfie cards, social cards, and posters. You can also order event packs, which help you run a women’s day event.

The International Women’s Day also tells readers about the #BalanceforBetter tag. Social media is a great way to spread awareness of inequalities and educate others. Something as simple as a Women’s Day filter on Snapchat can inspire others to learn and remind people of the day’s significance. If you want to make a difference, use tags including the #BalanceforBetter and #InternationalWomensDay tags, or simply spread the word.

Visit https://www.internationalwomensday.com/HowToPlanIWD for more information.

Vietnam Summit

Less than a month ago, the 45th President of the United States, Donald Trump, and the leader of North Korea, Kim Jong-un, met for a second time to discuss economic sanctions and nuclear weapons. The first time the two met, they met in Singapore. This time, the pair traveled to the capital of Vietnam, Hanoi, to talk. Trump is the first American president to meet a North Korean head of state.

The first time the two talked was on June 12, in the summer of 2018. They met in Singapore and discussed North Korea’s nuclear program. Trump said the talks went well and there has been less tension, but there has yet to be any real progress.

The summit started at 6:30PM Vietnam time, which is exactly 12 hours ahead of East Coast time. The next morning, at 9:00AM, Trump and Kim met privately to talk.

After their private meeting was done, the two went to a large meeting with several top aides from each country. This meeting carried into a working lunch that featured the same people as the meeting.

At around 2PM, Trump and Kim signed an agreement. After the signing, a press conference was held that both leaders attended. The two then separated until 7PM, when they met again for a formal dinner.

The results of the summit weren’t what Trump claimed they were, but they weren’t nothing. Trump claimed North Korea would be fully denuclearized, which they are not, but the tensions have eased and North Korea and the US are no longer threatening war.

North Korea also released American hostages ahead of the summit, which is good, and the US has promised to stop “provocative” military drills with South Korea.

North Korea also promised to start to denuclearize, but they could go back on that at any time. The results weren’t massive but they were a start.

Pollution in our oceans – Part 1 in a multi-part series about the environment

By Delaney Sis and Na’Riyah Johnson

Have you ever wondered how much plastic is actually in the ocean?

Plastic doesn’t decompose, like other wastes, and according to theoceancleanup.com, there are 5 different offshore areas that have accumulated 1.15 to 2.41 million tons of plastic. These areas of plastic are called the Great Pacific Garbage Patch (GPGP). These patches are the largest accumulated areas ranging from Hawaii and California. The GPGP covers 1.6 million square kilometers. That’s about twice the size of Texas and three times the size of France.  

You may be asking why we should care; well according to the National Ocean Service website, 700 different marine species encounter debris. Sadly, 92% of the debris these species come across are plastic. Only 17% of the debris are on the list of threatened animals. There is 180x more plastic than marine life. Also, marine life can get entangled.

Some ways that debris enter water are from the rain and winds. For example, when you leave a water bottle on the ground and it rains, the rain water will carry it to the sewer, and it ends up in our rivers, streams, and lakes.

Some ways you can help with this issue is by using less plastic, recycling more, and helping with cleaning/volunteering or participating in shore cleanups.

Some other ways that you can help with this issue is by putting trash into designated areas. You can also help by using no plastic straws or plastic cups.

Starbucks was the business that first announced they were moving from plastic straws, to more compostable straws. You may be wondering why, well 4% of the plastic in the ocean is made up of straws. An average person uses 1.6 straw a day. This mean that 25,000 people have stopped using straws. For more information about plastic straws, please visit: https://squareup.com/townsquare/why-plastic-straws-are-being-banned

 

Lunar tetrad

On January 20 and 21, a full moon, Wolf Moon, Supermoon, and a total lunar eclipse took place.

In 2019, there will be 3 solar eclipses and 2 lunar eclipses. On January 20, the first full moon and first lunar eclipse happened.  The lunar eclipse is being called a Blood Moon because the sun Earth and moon line up and the moon passes through the Earth’s shadow making it a reddish color. A NASA scientist said, “The exact color that the moon appears depends on the amount of dust and clouds in the atmosphere” so it can appear more red depending what’s in the atmosphere.

During the Blood Moon, a meteorite hit the moon. It was very unexpected but according to Space.com that’s how the moon gets it craters. 

There are 3 types of lunar eclipses, total, partial, and penumbral. The first lunar eclipse of the year was a total lunar eclipse meaning Earth’s shadow completely covered the moon. A Blood Moon will usually happen  twice every three years. However, it depends on the  number of total lunar eclipses during a year. 

The Wolf Moon was named by some Native American tribes after wolves would howl loudly outside their villages, but this year’s Wolf Moon was also a Supermoon. A Supermoon is a full moon that is at the moon’s closest point to Earth.

There will be 6 eclipses in 2019, depending on where you live. There was a solar eclipse on January 5, and a lunar eclipse on January 20.  There will be a solar eclipse on July 2, and December 26. There’ll be a lunar eclipse on July 16. On November 11, there will be a transit of Mercury, meaning Mercury will directly pass between the Sun and another planet, and Mercury will appear as a black dot moving across the Sun.

The death of the mayors

Alejandro Aparicio, a newly sworn in mayor, of the Mexican town of Tlaxiaco, was killed on Tuesday, January 8, 2 hours after taking position as Mayor of Tlaxiaco. Two people died, and 3 other people were wounded. The death of Alejandro is being taken seriously, and a thorough investigation, for the man behind the murder of this horrific crime.

On Tuesday afternoon, Alejandro was on his way to City Hall, for a meeting with some of his colleagues after being declared mayor, when a man came and opened fire. Five people, including Alejandro, we’re rushed to the hospital, but by the time they arrived, Alejandro was pronounced dead. He suffered internal bleeding and a punctured right lung.

Tlaxiaco has been dealing with a serious problem of mayors being killed, for many years, and is becoming difficult for people to want to take a political position. At least 175 mayors or mayor elects have been killed between September 2017 and August 2018 . 

Aparicio was the first mayor to be elected from Mexican President Andrés Manuel López Obrador party. Oaxaca governor Alejandro Murat expressed his condolences on Twitter for the unjust murder, “I express my condolences to the family and the people of Tlaxiaco.” This is just a tragic event and the government is not taking it lightly.

Kerala protests

In Kerala, a state in southern India, a ban was put in place on women entering the Sabarimala temple for prayers last September. On January 1st, 2 women were the first to enter the temple in centuries, and as a result, it caused many violent protests.

The Supreme Court lifted the ban because they believed it discriminated against women, and they should be able to worship in the temple.  A spokesman said that the 2 women tried to enter the temple in December, but violent mobs blocked the temple doors. The names of the 2 women are, Bindu Ammini and Kankadurga, and they’re currently hiding from the mobs and are staying with their relatives.

The mobs got so bad that cops had to bring water cannons and tear gas to break it up. One of the protesters was a man that was in the BJP ( Bharatiya Janata Party). According to CNN, The BJP are trying to keep the ban, but the man was killed by protesters who threw stones at his head.

The 2 women got help from police to enter the temple, which may have also caused the violent riots. So far, the police have arrested 2 people, and 4 people were injured.

As many as five million women protesters took part in a peaceful protest. They created a “women wall” and extended their arms to show they’re support of gender equality. The women wall was 385 miles long and a civil servant said, “There were so many women and there wasn’t even space for women to extend arms. If they had extended their arms, the length of the wall would have increased so much that women would be falling in the Arabian Sea.”

According to CNN, the police have said they will continue to provide protection for women that want to enter the temple, and people that oppose their decision will have to go the Supreme Court later in the month.

Climate change is real?

How many times have you walked outside this winter with only a sweatshirt and jeans on? No winter jacket or coat. Or still have those new pair of Sorel boots in your closet that you were so sure you we’re going to have to wear this winter? If this sounds like you, you are not alone. Temperatures this Minnesota winter have been so mild it almost seems unreal. The snowfalls have been mild, the temperatures have been mild, and the snow seems to barely stay on the ground. Believe it or not, Minnesota is facing the disastrous climate change going on in our world, and the direct effects are becoming prevalent.

Since the 1980’s, scientists have warned us about the disasters our earth was up against if we didn’t start taking better care of it. Big companies like Chevron, Exxon Mobil, BP, and Gazprom, as well as chemical manufactures, industrial dumpsites, tanneries, and product manufactures are all environmental hazards that are destroying our earth. These companies continue to produce pollutants into our environment, creating oil spills, and putting Co2 emissions into our air. Due to these pollutants, more cases of illnesses, like cancer, are rising and they are causing our earth to heat up.

Antarctica is a continent covered by a of majority of ice, and it is starting to be affected by the heating of our earth. Major ice glaciers are starting to break and melt.

Animals like penguins and polar bears are having a habitat crisis because it’s harder to catch fish. Polar bears are falling into the water and drowning due to thin ice, and fish are starting to migrate.

On top of the effects of animals, the effects on our lakes and oceans are also a risk. As ice glaciers melt, water levels continue to rise. The mixture of saltwater and freshwater is creating a higher buoyancy which is causing floods, hurricanes, and water levels to rise at extreme rates.

Minnesota has been affected by climate change, our lakes are starting to rise and there have been a lot of rainy days this winter season. Just this past month, we have had one of the warmest Minnesota winter days ever, with a record breaking 42 degrees in the beginning of January.

Where do people originate from

Humans, or by their scientific name homo sapiens, belong to a group called hominids. Creatures in part of the hominids group, are the earliest known human like creatures. A trait that is commonly shared among hominids is the ability to walk on two legs or bipedalism. According to Khanacademy.org, it’s believed that hominids started to separate from other primates between 2.5 and 4 million years ago, around eastern and southern Africa.

There are many theories to why the early hominids begun to evolve. One theory was that with the expansion of the savannah, it slowly forced their homes in the forest to shrink. Because of this, it may be one of the reasons we started to rely on walking upright, on the ground, rather than continuing to climb trees.

As hominids continued to evolve, they gained more unique traits and characteristics. One of these characteristics was that their brain capacity was increasing, and then a species of hominid, homo habilis, began using tools around 2.3 million years ago.

Then, around 1 million years ago, some species of hominids, such as homo erectus, began leaving Africa and moving towards Europe and Asia. And when they arrived, they began making important advances like being able to use fire.

The first modern humans happened around 200,000 and 300,000 years ago. And the ability to use language happened around 50,000 year ago.

Later, between 70,000 and 100,000 years ago, modern humans began leaving Africa to ocupate Europe and Asia. The first humans reached Australia by around 35,000 and 65,000 years ago.

According to scientists, during the Pleistocene Ice Age, a land bridge was created, connecting Asia and North America around 13,000 years ago. It is believed that people came to America from Asia by this land bridge.