How micro trends and fast fashion contribute to climate change

By: Mila Hart

I know we all love shopping and keeping up with the latest trends, but did you know that the fashion industry is one of the most harmful contributors to climate change? Here’s why.

A micro-trend is one that quickly rises in popularity and falls even faster. Fast fashion is trendy clothing that is mass produced as quickly and cheaply as possible.

In the past 100 years trends have gone from lasting a decade, to lasting three to five years, to now only lasting a few weeks before everyone moves onto something else. A large contributor to the increase in micro trends is social media.

Because the micro trends cycle has rapidly increased, more and more clothing items are being mass produced through fast fashion. Clothing production almost doubled in the last 20 years and people are only keeping those items for half as long.

According to the World Resources Institute, “[T]he fast fashion industry is responsible for nearly 10 percent of annual global gas emissions and is the second largest consumer of the world’s water supply”. 85 percent of textiles go to the dump each year. Experts say the “equivalent of one garbage truck of clothing is burned or dumped in a landfill every second”.

Here are some ways you can make a difference and reduce the carbon footprint of your clothing.

First off, thrift! Thrift! Thrift! Thrifting is an amazing way to be a sustainable shopper. And while you’re thrifting you may as well also donate your old clothes that you don’t want anymore instead of throwing them away.

But if you want to buy new clothes, select clothing items that are sustainably made and avoid synthetic materials like polyester. Studies show that polyester releases nearly three times more carbon emissions than cotton.

2021 Oscar outfits

Image taken from:

The 93rd Academy Awards ceremony, presented by the Academy of Motion Pictures and Arts and Sciences, took place on April 25, 2021. The stars came out looking glamorous and fabulous in some unforgettable looks. 

Regina King wore a stunning Louis Vuitton look, in a sky blue gown, giving the Cinderella vibes. The dress had exaggerated shoulders and necklines, and all-over crystal embroidery. 

Carey Mulligan wore Valentino Couture. She wore a glittery gold ensemble strapless top and a high-waisted ball gown skirt. She kept the accessories to a minimum, with a simple gold earring by Cartier Jewels, and casually pulled her middle-parted hair back into a bun. 

Zendeya, also in Valentino, wore a yellow cut-out gown with Bulgari jewelry. She had a yellow necklace with a diamond pendant, and she also wore a 21.14-carat yellow diamond ring. Jimmy Choo heels completed her look. 

Andra-Day, in Vera Wang, wore a gold dress with a cutout design, a thigh-high slight, and straps. She wore her hair in a high bun, with dangling earrings, a bracelet, and topped off her look with a series of glittering rings.

Angela Bassett was in Alberta Ferretti. The star appeared in a luxurious, off-the-shoulder, high slit, and long train red gown, with jewelry by Chopard, paired with Christian Louboutin heels. 

Viola Davis dressed in McQueen, and the actress returned to a more classic gown, after leaning towards bright colors throughout the season. She wore a flowing white gown with a cutout bodice design, paired with a diamond earring by Forevermark.

Overall, best dressed was Andra-Day. The singer did not disappoint, with her metallic gown.

For more on the 2021 Oscars looks, please visit:

Diversity in the modeling world

By: Nora Doyle

Image taken from: The Lexington Line

Throughout time, modeling has been one of the biggest parts of pop culture. We look up to models. They define how we want to see ourselves. In our eyes, they’re perfect.

But how diverse is the modeling world? How often are different body types, skin colors, or disabilities portrayed in the modeling world?

Race seems to be a very important issue in the modeling industry. Many brands tend to only use predominately white models in their shows and ads. According to, some brands became aware of the problem that they created and have tried to fix it by doing an “all black” show, or catalog, but it only seemed to make the issue worse.

Chanel Iman, a model who is three-fourths African American, and one-fourth Korean, believes diversity is a major issue in her industry. She says these “all black shows” only segregates models of color more. “It doesn’t help us; it just puts us into a category,” she states.

Race isn’t the only issue in the modeling industry. When it comes to portraying different body types in their shows and ads, many brands fail to do so. According to the ‘Lexington Line’, society has always had a specific body type for runway models. The ideal models were slim, small waist, curves, long legs, and perfect skin. For example: Kendall Jenner. She has been considered an ideal model.

Recently though, the ‘Lexington Line’ said that there is no standard body type anymore. In 2017, brands like Gucci, Dior, and Christian Siriano had announced that they are no longer casting size zero models.

Modeling has been widened to big, small, tall, men, women, and everyone in between, and they are starting to be more included in the modeling world.

Gender and fashion

By Grace Helmke 

Our society entirely revolves around judging a person based on how they look. We attempt to discern who this person might be through the things they wear, the style of their hair, or the makeup they put on.

Since the day we are born, we have been taught to think a certain way about these choices in style. If a person wears a dress, then they’re a girl. Men can only wear pants. Only women can wear makeup.

Stereotypes surrounding gender and fashion, that have captivated society for centuries, are shifting. Slowly, generations are breaking the bonds of traditional ideals, questioning what is taught, and making their own rules. 

As we are discovering more and more about gender as a social construct, we are learning about fluidity in the fashion world; an industry that has long been the source of exclusion on all spectrums. In a lot of places, websites and stores are continuing to play into the binary definition of gender.

However, there has recently been a wave of gender fluid, or gender inclusive apparel companies. Runway ready brands like Rich Mnisi, Eckhaus Latta, and Older Brother, lead the pack of designer wear that does not conform to gender norms. They have disregarded the tradition of categorizing by gender, and have placed merchandise under types of clothing (trousers, sweater, blouses, etc…) 

The Museum of Fine Arts, in Boston, has also questioned the idea of gender stereotypes through a garment exhibition called “Gender Bending Fashion.” The exhibit discusses gender identity as a spectrum, and explores clothing in history that has challenged what was widely accepted in society. 

This movement of discovering one’s own identity in clothing, and disregarding the norm, is present in the stars. Billy Porter (he/him) is an actor and singer who has defied any and every societal standard. He questions what masculinity and femininity really is through his own self expression.

Porter has captured the attention of many in a number of ensembles. He has graced the red carpet in ball gowns, glistening onesies, and golden winged garb.

Another celebrity who defines his own dress, is Jonathan Van Ness, a gender nonconforming (preferred pronouns are he/him, but is okay with being called she/her or they/them as well) influencer who gained recognition through the Netflix show ‘Queer Eye.’ His signature style revolves around heels, skirts, and a handlebar mustache. He is melding attire traditionally associated with men and women, and creating his own definition of fashion as it relates to his own identity.

Like many issues that are faced in America, and around the world, there is still a lot of progress to be made. But with gender becoming an increasingly talked about topic, stores are beginning
to shift more and more towards gender inclusive branding.

Exhibitions are being created to get it out to the public that clothing is fluid, and there are historical fashion rebels that have defied society in order to be themselves. Figures such as Billy Porter and Johnathan Van Ness are just two of the many leaders who challenge what is considered normal, inspiring others to wear what they love, instead of what is accepted. 

Fast fashion is bad and here’s why

By Anna Hisle

If you’re like me, you love to shop. But do you really take the time to think about where and how that cute American Eagle top was made? While that shirt may be cute, it is being made in sweatshops who hire underpaid workers (sometimes even children) to make hundreds or even thousands of the same clothes.

So, you may be asking yourself what is fast fashion? Fast fashion is cheap trendy clothing.

These clothes are produced quickly while they are still in style and sold to shoppers who snatch them up right away. While these clothes are sold at the height of their popularity, they are quickly discarded once they are no longer in style. Sometimes these clothes are even only worn 1 or 2 times.


Fast fashion has a very bad impact on the environment; there is a lot of pressure to speed up production and make costs lower.

Producers also use very cheap and toxic textile dyes. According to “Good On You,” using these cheap dyes makes the fashion industry one of the largest polluters of clean water globally.

According to “Mamoq,” it takes 2.70 liters of water to produce one cotton t-shirt. Now think about how much those t-shirts cost.

Because there is so much clothing being produced, and so quickly, there are overwhelming amounts of CO2 and greenhouse gas emissions distributed polluting the air. The microfibres in polyester also shed and contribute to ocean pollution.


Instead of buying clothes from fast fashion brands start buying sustainable clothing, going thrifting, or even just buying from small or local businesses.

By buying from sustainable clothing brands, you are not only helping the environment but you are also not supporting the employment of underpaid workers.

When you buy clothes from small or local businesses, you are supporting the people who are trying to make a name for themselves as well as just helping out a business that is not horrible for the environment.

By thrifting, you are buying people’s used clothes. This means that you are not buying directly from fast fashion brands but from second hand stores.

Sustainable clothing brands VS. fast fashion brands

While you’ve read this article and learned what fast fashion is, you probably still don’t know what brands are sustainable and which are bad for the environment.

Some fast fashion clothing brands include:

  • Forever 21
  • Zara
  • Fashion Nova
  • Urban Outfitters
  • Topshop
  • Gap
  • And many more.

To start shopping sustainable, check out some of these shops:

  • Patagonia
  • TOMS
  • Free People
  • Veja
  • And many more.

Reading this article, I hope you thought about your clothes and whether they are sustainable or not.

So, maybe next time, drop the brand name and go for something more sustainable!

Fast fashion

By Charlotte Lane

The fashion industry is one of the most powerful industries ever, and so many people contribute to it everyday: celebrities, designers, and the typical consumer. With such a powerful industry, there is a downside. 

What is fast fashion? 

 An inexpensive trend that produces clothing quickly. 

The fashion industry before the 20th century ran on 4 seasons: fall, winter, spring and summer. Fashion designers used to work for months in advanced before product would come out.

Now, after the Industrial Revolution, the industry has only quickened in pace…and lower in cost.

According to The Good Trade fast fashion basically copies trends at a fast production rate, and are all made out of low quality material. This is all in order to lower prices, and offer inexpensive styles to the public.

Why does fast fashion concern me?

You should care, because of how thin of ice these companies are skating on. For any product to end up in stores at Zara, forever 21, or H&M there are inevitable consequences.

All of these brands easily make billions just by how much product they sell day to day. All this means fast fashion garment workers assemble pieces at extremely low minimum wages.

“Fast fashion isn’t free. Someone, somewhere is paying for it.”

– Lucy Siegle

Not to mention all of these clothes add extreme environmental waste to our planet. Fast fashion brands use hard chemicals, synthetic fabrics and damaging dyes all ending up in water systems in low income countries where these clothes are made. According to the New York Times more than 60% of fabric fibers are now synthetics, derived from fossil fuels. This means that when these clothes end up in a landfill, it will not decay.

There are also micro plastics and micro fibers that will end up in the ocean, and will never be able to be filtered out. Because of these effects of the earth, overall fast fashion is causing climate change.

Another alarming consequence of fast fashion is that it kills people. Yep, kills people!

In April, 2013, in Bangladesh, a factory collapsed and killed over 1,100 people.

The movie True Cost deeper explores this epidemic, exposing the ugly truth of fast fashion.

How can you make a change to fast fashion?


You may think not buying any clothes for a long duration is impossible, but really it isn’t. A great challenge to try out is the 333 project, which is where you only have 33 items of clothing for 3 months. The 33 items do include accessories, jewelry, outerwear and shoes.

If this seems unreasonable try altering the rules for yourself, but really the whole point of this is to not buy for 3 months. Learn more about the 333 project here:

Instead of not buying, start supporting sustainable fashion brands

Some good ones are:

And last but not least THRIFT

Be conscientious about what you buy, and what you throw away. A true cost will forever remain.


Girls fashion trends coming this Winter

By Charlotte Lane

Sweaters have always been a classic in my wardrobe, but this season beiges, whites, tans and cream sweaters are it.

These soft, warm tone colors are perfect to pair with any winter jacket. Thankfully, sweaters are a very versatile clothing item and are super easy to transition from fall to winter. They are also really easy to accessorize. So investing in one now would be in your best interest. 

Surprise surprise, the iconic 80’s plaid blazer look is back! 

Bet you never thought about wearing these anywhere except to an interview but look where we are now…

Plaid blazers are making a comeback and every boss woman should have one in her closet. They can dress up any outfit, and can be paired with jeans or trousers. Not to mention, they are extremely comfortable and forgiving.  

Whether you have a busy day ahead or just wanna look cute, try out wearing a blazer! I guarantee you’ll fall in love.  

This is no surprise but the “lazy look” is here for women. Personally, this is my go to style because it’s so comfortable. 

I’m happy to throw the skinny jean craze away in favor of loose fit, classic jeans. Jeans can be worn on any day of the week with a simple tee shirt or sweater. Definitely expect to get great wear out of these this winter.

Last year’s trend of the jogger is dead but it brought comfy sweats on to the racks. This winter bet on staying warm and comfy in school/the workplace, while still looking “acceptable”.

Chelsea boots have been in for some time now, but I truly think they are going to hit the spotlight this year. These boots are super practical but perfect for any winter outfit. The easy slip on boots will keep your feet warm on long walks and blend in well at school or the workplace.

If the typical Chelsea boot isn’t really your style, you can definitely bet your money on some snakeskin boots. 

Honestly, when the animal print style was booming I wasn’t really in love with it. But these subtle snakeskin boots will make you feel like a million bucks as well as keeping you warm throughout the cold months.

Now get out there! And use this as a foundation and have fun with your fashion.

Where students are buying their prom dresses

Prom is just around the corner, and many students are trying to find the perfect prom dress to wear. I went around asking people where they are thinking of buying their dresses. Of course, some students are planning on ordering their dress and then just getting it tailored if the dress turns out to be a different size.

If you are planning to go to a store, and try out some dresses, here are some of the common places that students are looking at: David’s Bridal, Von Maur, Nordstrom, Macy’s, Raffine Bridal & Formal Wear. There are many more stores out there that sell beautiful dresses, but the ones listed are the most commonly mentioned.

For online shoppers, some students suggest: Fashion Nova, TOBI, Lulus, and Ericdress. There are many more shops online, and the ones mentioned earlier also do have websites if you would rather purchase online.

Students are also roaming around the Mall of America, and Rosedale Shopping Center for dresses.

Here are some students comments on buying prom dresses!

Elizabeth Vang: I actually already bought mine. I ordered mine from Fashion Nova. Overall, it fit me well but it was a bit longer and since I’m really short; I’m just planning to tailor it. But yea, the dress fit perfectly and I’m not stressing over a prom dress because I bought mine early!

Julissa Martinez: I haven’t bought a dress yet but I have been looking for one. I checked out some of the stores already and there were many that I really liked but I couldn’t make a decision on which one I like best so I’m just still looking around. Macy’s had some really pretty dresses.

Ava Courneya: I haven’t actually looked for a dress yet but I have heard about all those stores mentioned earlier. For me, I prefer to buy a dress at a store so I can try on the dress physically, but since so many of my friends are ordering their dresses online, I might just try that this year.

Hopefully, students who are still trying to find the perfect prom dress are able to find the one they’re looking for. Prom is an exciting part of a high schooler’s life, so hopefully all the dresses they choose to buy turn out perfect!

The history of Supreme

Supreme. The now famous store started out as a small skate shop in 1994. It was opened by an American born, English raised, 30-year-old fashion enthusiast James Jebbia. The first Supreme store opened on Lafayette St. in SoHo and there are now 11 stores worldwide: two in New York, one in Los Angeles, one in London, one in Paris, three in Tokyo, one in Osaka, one in Nagoya, and one in Fukuoka.

If you don’t already know what Supreme is, it’s a clothing brand that sells their clothes in limited quantities, at relatively cheap prices, that then resell for massive amounts. This large resale prices increase the hype around the brand, and it just keeps growing.

In the beginning, the Supreme store sold skate gear such as decks, trucks, wheels and other skate brand clothing, along with a few of their own signature tees. In 1995, Supreme released its now famous box logo t-shirt consisting of the word “Supreme” printed inside a red box, on a white t-shirt, in Futura font. Over time, Supreme stopped selling other brands in their stores, and on their website, to make room for their own products which were rapidly increasing in popularity.

There have been several big events in Supreme history, such as when they were sued by artist Barbara Kruger because of the extreme similarities between the logo and her artwork. Supreme also received a cease and desist from French fashion house Louis Vuitton for selling fake Louis Vuitton print Supreme shirts. Another memorable moment was when Supreme and Louis Vuitton worked together to make a collection that included pieces that are now selling for thousands of dollars.

A huge part of Supreme is their high profile collaborations with other brands. Over the past twenty years, they have worked with a number of other high profile brands such as: Nike, Louis Vuitton, BAPE, The North Face, Vans, DC Shoes, Timberland, Oakley, Playboy, Budweiser, Brooks Brothers, and Rolex. Supreme has also collaborated with more niche brands such as Anti-Hero.

Supreme is also known for working with artists such as KAWS, and Nuptse, who designed the extremely popular “By Any Means Necessary” collection.

Another Supreme classic is their photo tees in which they take a photo of a celebrity in their famous box logo shirt and put that photograph on a shirt. Nas, Gucci Mane and Kate Moss have all done this.

Finally, Supreme wouldn’t be Supreme without their accessories. The accessories range from the practical to the ridiculous. Some of the more practical accessories are the: Supreme Zippo, the blanket, the towel and the tools such as the ax and crowbar. There are some expensive and ridiculous Supreme accessories though, such as: the motorcycle, the tent, the guitar, and the pinball machine.

Last year Supreme famously sold a brick that resold for hundreds of dollars and made many wonder why. The only answer to that was because it was a brick made by Supreme.

How to put on a full face

When preparing your face for your next make up look, the first thing that needs to be done is to start on a clean face. Remove any makeup, cleanse your face, and make sure you prime your face as well; primer is really great at enhancing makeup and making it last longer.

Next, add on foundation. Make sure it’s the right color that matches your skin tone, more so your neck. You could apply foundation with a beauty blender, or a brush, making sure to pat it on, not dragging it.

After the foundation, you want to apply concealer. The purpose of concealer is to brighten and conceal (covering up any dark marks or scars). Apply concealer underneath your eyes, on your forehead, and also on your chin. Concealer is suppose to blend in with your foundation.

Next, you want to do your eyebrows. Fill them in and shape it to your liking with a brow pencil or powder. Set your eyebrows with a jel.

You want to set your face next. If you want long lasting, crease free makeup, set your face with a translucent powder, or a powder that matches your skin tone. It’s better to use a brush to apply your powder.

These next things are pretty optional: