A basic overview of depression

By: Ayane Jarso

Image taken from: Talkspace.com

Depression is a mental illness that over 246 million people worldwide suffer from. Typically, from what most people understand, they think of depression as sadness. It is that, but it is much more.

Depression can happen due to many things. A study in the ‘American Journal of Psychiatry’ found that men were more likely to have depression due to drug abuse, childhood sexual abuse, prior history of depression, and major stressful life events.

That being said, depression can also be genetic, and it can happen to anyone. A chemical imbalance in one’s head causes them to have this illness. So, in some cases, something might have happened to someone (see above list of trauma), or they just developed depression due to a naturally occurring imbalance. Some people may have gotten it from a parent, and in the future, they may possibly pass it on to their children.

The physical aspect of depression can cause major headaches, nausea, body aches, and other pains. It can also cause other illnesses such as diabetes, heart disease and anxiety. All of these other symptoms cause much more stress to a person that’s already dealing with the other effects of depression.

Depression in women can often be another story. According to MedicalNewsToday.com one in seven women suffer from postpartum depression, which happens after giving birth, and women have a 2 to 3 times greater risk of getting depression during the time after birth even if they have never been depressed in the past. Also, a woman’s chances of getting depression during the menopause transition is much higher.

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