The death of the mayors

Alejandro Aparicio, a newly sworn in mayor, of the Mexican town of Tlaxiaco, was killed on Tuesday, January 8, 2 hours after taking position as Mayor of Tlaxiaco. Two people died, and 3 other people were wounded. The death of Alejandro is being taken seriously, and a thorough investigation, for the man behind the murder of this horrific crime.

On Tuesday afternoon, Alejandro was on his way to City Hall, for a meeting with some of his colleagues after being declared mayor, when a man came and opened fire. Five people, including Alejandro, we’re rushed to the hospital, but by the time they arrived, Alejandro was pronounced dead. He suffered internal bleeding and a punctured right lung.

Tlaxiaco has been dealing with a serious problem of mayors being killed, for many years, and is becoming difficult for people to want to take a political position. At least 175 mayors or mayor elects have been killed between September 2017 and August 2018 . 

Aparicio was the first mayor to be elected from Mexican President Andrés Manuel López Obrador party. Oaxaca governor Alejandro Murat expressed his condolences on Twitter for the unjust murder, “I express my condolences to the family and the people of Tlaxiaco.” This is just a tragic event and the government is not taking it lightly.

Kerala protests

In Kerala, a state in southern India, a ban was put in place on women entering the Sabarimala temple for prayers last September. On January 1st, 2 women were the first to enter the temple in centuries, and as a result, it caused many violent protests.

The Supreme Court lifted the ban because they believed it discriminated against women, and they should be able to worship in the temple.  A spokesman said that the 2 women tried to enter the temple in December, but violent mobs blocked the temple doors. The names of the 2 women are, Bindu Ammini and Kankadurga, and they’re currently hiding from the mobs and are staying with their relatives.

The mobs got so bad that cops had to bring water cannons and tear gas to break it up. One of the protesters was a man that was in the BJP ( Bharatiya Janata Party). According to CNN, The BJP are trying to keep the ban, but the man was killed by protesters who threw stones at his head.

The 2 women got help from police to enter the temple, which may have also caused the violent riots. So far, the police have arrested 2 people, and 4 people were injured.

As many as five million women protesters took part in a peaceful protest. They created a “women wall” and extended their arms to show they’re support of gender equality. The women wall was 385 miles long and a civil servant said, “There were so many women and there wasn’t even space for women to extend arms. If they had extended their arms, the length of the wall would have increased so much that women would be falling in the Arabian Sea.”

According to CNN, the police have said they will continue to provide protection for women that want to enter the temple, and people that oppose their decision will have to go the Supreme Court later in the month.

Top five books to read in the library

Looking for something to read in the HPSH library? Here are the top five books (in my opinion) that you should read:

1. Crossover

This book was published on March 18, 2104, and the author is Kwame Alexander. The entire book is a novel in verse, which means each of the pages are short. This book is about two twin boys, Josh and Jordan Bell, who are the sons of a big time star basketball player Chuck Bell. Josh and Jordan love basketball like their father, and the boys experience normal life, relationships, and family time dealing with difficult moments. I would recommend this book to anyone who loves sports, especially basketball.

2. Rebound

This book has the same author as Crossover, but this one is about the father, Chuck Bell, and what he went through when he was his sons’ ages. After the death of his father, he skipped school, and didn’t do his schoolwork. Instead, he read comic books. He spends the summer at his grandparents home, and things start to get better as he begins to heal and explore new things.

3. Booked

This book is also written by Kwame Alexander, and he won the Goodreads Choice Award for best poetry for it. This book is the story of Nick, who loves soccer but hates to read books. He is  forced by his father to read dictionaries daily. Things take an unexpected turn when his parents announce that they are getting a divorce. I recommend this book to anyone who likes soccer and is into children’s fiction.

4. Long Way Down

Long Way Down is written by Jason Reynolds, and is a novel told in verse. This book has great reviews, and has won many awards. This book takes place in an elevator, and it focuses on Will, who is seeking to get revenge for the murder of his brother. As he travels down the elevator, the doors open on different  floors. Will is confronted by different figures from his past, each a victim of gun voilence, and each important to his life. I would recommend this book to anyone who likes fiction and who likes novels in verse books.

5. The Hate U Give

This book is written by Angie Thomas, has won many awards, and has great reviews. This book is about a 16-year-old black girl named Starr, who witnesses her friend getting shot by a white police officer. The story goes on with her finding justice for her friend by protesting, and testifying in court, about what she witnessed, with the help of her friends, family members. I recommend this book to anyone who is into young adult fiction.

Climate change is real?

How many times have you walked outside this winter with only a sweatshirt and jeans on? No winter jacket or coat. Or still have those new pair of Sorel boots in your closet that you were so sure you we’re going to have to wear this winter? If this sounds like you, you are not alone. Temperatures this Minnesota winter have been so mild it almost seems unreal. The snowfalls have been mild, the temperatures have been mild, and the snow seems to barely stay on the ground. Believe it or not, Minnesota is facing the disastrous climate change going on in our world, and the direct effects are becoming prevalent.

Since the 1980’s, scientists have warned us about the disasters our earth was up against if we didn’t start taking better care of it. Big companies like Chevron, Exxon Mobil, BP, and Gazprom, as well as chemical manufactures, industrial dumpsites, tanneries, and product manufactures are all environmental hazards that are destroying our earth. These companies continue to produce pollutants into our environment, creating oil spills, and putting Co2 emissions into our air. Due to these pollutants, more cases of illnesses, like cancer, are rising and they are causing our earth to heat up.

Antarctica is a continent covered by a of majority of ice, and it is starting to be affected by the heating of our earth. Major ice glaciers are starting to break and melt.

Animals like penguins and polar bears are having a habitat crisis because it’s harder to catch fish. Polar bears are falling into the water and drowning due to thin ice, and fish are starting to migrate.

On top of the effects of animals, the effects on our lakes and oceans are also a risk. As ice glaciers melt, water levels continue to rise. The mixture of saltwater and freshwater is creating a higher buoyancy which is causing floods, hurricanes, and water levels to rise at extreme rates.

Minnesota has been affected by climate change, our lakes are starting to rise and there have been a lot of rainy days this winter season. Just this past month, we have had one of the warmest Minnesota winter days ever, with a record breaking 42 degrees in the beginning of January.

Where do people originate from

Humans, or by their scientific name homo sapiens, belong to a group called hominids. Creatures in part of the hominids group, are the earliest known human like creatures. A trait that is commonly shared among hominids is the ability to walk on two legs or bipedalism. According to Khanacademy.org, it’s believed that hominids started to separate from other primates between 2.5 and 4 million years ago, around eastern and southern Africa.

There are many theories to why the early hominids begun to evolve. One theory was that with the expansion of the savannah, it slowly forced their homes in the forest to shrink. Because of this, it may be one of the reasons we started to rely on walking upright, on the ground, rather than continuing to climb trees.

As hominids continued to evolve, they gained more unique traits and characteristics. One of these characteristics was that their brain capacity was increasing, and then a species of hominid, homo habilis, began using tools around 2.3 million years ago.

Then, around 1 million years ago, some species of hominids, such as homo erectus, began leaving Africa and moving towards Europe and Asia. And when they arrived, they began making important advances like being able to use fire.

The first modern humans happened around 200,000 and 300,000 years ago. And the ability to use language happened around 50,000 year ago.

Later, between 70,000 and 100,000 years ago, modern humans began leaving Africa to ocupate Europe and Asia. The first humans reached Australia by around 35,000 and 65,000 years ago.

According to scientists, during the Pleistocene Ice Age, a land bridge was created, connecting Asia and North America around 13,000 years ago. It is believed that people came to America from Asia by this land bridge.